Effects of Interscholastic Sports on Academic Achievement

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Running head: EFFECTS OF INTERSCHOLASTIC SPORTS ON PARTICIPANT'S ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT. Function of Interscholastic Sports and Their Effect on Participant's Academic Achievement.   Function of Interscholastic Sports and Their Effect On Academic Achievement While the first account of humans engaged in learning may well be the story of Adam and Eve, the origins of team sports are virtually unknown. Perhaps, team sport pre-dates the origins of the Olympic Games in ancient Greece. The arguments among educators, however, concerning the relevance of team sports to academic achievement may be equally as ancient. In Plato's foundational document of western philosophy, Republic, sport serves the educational…show more content…
Researchers such as Goldberg and Chandler (1992) look to determine the extent in which society's emphasis on athletics is in conflict with manifest school function of promoting academic excellence, transferring knowledge, and fostering the psychological development of the adolescent. An adolescent's identity formation is sometimes impacted by a school or support system which places more value on the star athlete rather than the academic honor student, resulting in a short term payoff for the athletic role. (Goldberg & Chandler, 1992) Maximum participation rules and age restrictions have been enacted to prevent parents from intentionally holding their children back in order to later gain a competitive edge in athletics. Athletic associations have argued in court for limits to preserve "the philosophy that students attend school primarily for the classroom education and only secondarily to participate in interscholastic athletic." (Sullivan, Lantz, & Zirkel, 2000, p. 262) Inclusiveness, the opportunity for all students to participate in scholastic sports, has also been raised as an issue. Socio-economic status, family make-up and physical or mental disabilities have sometimes precluded students from participation. Harrison and Narayan's 2003 study found that adolescents from single parent homes were less likely to participate as were those from substance abusing families. (p.119) Courts have intervened, citing the Americans with Disabilities Act, in cases where
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