Effects of Poverty on Children: Literature Review Essay

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This literature review of twelve previously published research articles has focused on summarizing some of the effects of poverty on children. The selected articles all focused on the major effect of poverty on children, and were sorted into four sub-categories or themes based upon a specific focus areas of this complex and not yet fully understood issue. These themes included developmental, educational outcomes, health, and parenting effects, and how they were impacted by children living in poverty.
Impact on Development
The developmental theme included reviews of four articles, each with a slightly different focus. In a paper researching the racial/ethnic differences in processes and effects (McLeod and Nonemaker, 2000) using a sample
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Using a different structure than Bronfenbrenner to analyze available data (Wadsworth, Raviv, Reinhard, Wolff, Santiago and Einhorn), but with more analytical calculations included, reached that same conclusion as McLeod and Nonemaker, 2000 (i.e. that a significantly stronger effect of the persistence of poverty on child problems was noted in Caucasians than for Hispanics, and for Hispanics more so than African American children).
Impact on Education
The educational outcome theme included reviews of three articles, again each with a slightly different focus. In a paper discussing the effects of antipoverty programs on children’s cumulative levels of poverty-related risk (Gassman-Pines and Yoshikawa, 2006), the conclusion reached was that overall reduction in the cumulative effects of poverty was much more important than any individual risk factor. This paper acknowledged much previous research in presenting analytical statistics, based upon New Hope and MFIP samples, confirming that the greater the cumulative effects of poverty on children, the worse socio-emotional and cognitive development impacts that occur.
The effects of child care quality on children’ development while living in poverty (Votruba-Drzal, Coley, and Chase-Lansdale, 2004) discussed the drastic increase in the overall number and percentage of children in child care since 1996 events,…