Effects of Stress on Academic Performance

2168 Words Apr 23rd, 2013 9 Pages
David Galyean
Journal Article Critique
April 12, 2011
A. Purposes of the studies 1. What were the purposes of the studies?
The purpose of the primary study was to determine whether student anxiety and depression increases after college entry, the extent to which adverse life experiences contribute to any increases, and the impact of adversity, anxiety and depression on exam performance (Andrews, & Wilding, 2004). The purpose of the secondary study was to investigate the relationship between stress factors, perceived stress and academic performance among students in a public institution of higher learning (Rafidah, et al, 2009).
B. Research questions 1. What were the research questions? The research questions of the primary
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The study used t tests for group comparisons of continuous variables, and chi-squared tests (with Yates' correction) for dichotomous variables. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the relative contribution of significant variables to the prediction of depressive and anxiety conditions mid-course. Multiple regression analysis was used to determine the relative contribution of significant variables to 2nd year exam averages. In all the multivariate analyses, gender, age (over 21 or not) and ethnicity (white or not) were entered as control variables (Andrews, & Wilding, 2004). In the secondary study a structured, self-administered questionnaire was developed as a mode of data collection. The questionnaire comprised of three sections, students' profile; Perceived Stress Scale (PSS); and Stress Factors Survey (Rafidah, et al, 2009). 2. How were the participants protected? In the primary study ethical permission was obtained from the University and students were fully briefed about the research with assurance of anonymity and confidentiality (Andrews, & Wilding, 2004). There is no evidence in the secondary study that the participants were protected in any way. The study does not reference permissions or consent of any kind (Rafidah, et al, 2009).
E. What did the researchers find? Participants in the primary study indicated a significant increase in both HADS anxiety and