Effects of Temperature, Ph, Enzyme Concentration, and Substrate Concentration on Enzymatic Activity

2337 Words Aug 15th, 2012 10 Pages
Effects of Temperature, pH, Enzyme Concentration, and Substrate Concentration on Enzymatic Activity
Enzymes, proteins that act as catalysts, are the most important type of protein[1]. Catalysts speed up chemical reactions and can go without being used up or changed [3] Without enzymes, the biochemical reactions that take place will react too slowly to keep up with the metabolic needs and the life functions of organisms. Catecholase is a reaction between oxygen and catechol [2]. In the presence of oxygen, the removal of two hydrogen atoms oxidizes the compound catechol, as a result of the formation of water [2]. Oxygen is reduced by the addition of two hydrogen atoms, which also forms water, after catechol is
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The hypothesis is as the substrate concentration has an increase so will the reaction of velocity if the amount of enzyme is kept constant.

MATERIALS AND METHODS To study the effects of temperature, pH, enzyme concentration, and substrate concentration there were certain steps that were followed in order to conduct this experiment. Each factor had a separate procedure to follow to find how each had a different effect on the enzyme.

To find the effect of temperature on the activity of an enzyme, the experiment deals with the steps as follows. First, 3 mL if pH 7 phosphate buffer was used to fill three different test tubes that were labeled 10, 24, and 50. These three test tubes were set in three different temperature settings. The first test tube was placed in an ice-water bath for ten minutes until it reached a temperature of 2° C or less. The second tube’s temperature setting was at room temperature until a temperature of 21°C was reached. The third tube was placed in a beaker of warm-water until the contents of the beaker reached a temperature setting of 60° C. There were four more test tubes that were included in the procedure. Two of the test tubes contained potato juice were one was put in ice and the other was placed in warm-water. The other two test tubes contained catechol. One test tube was put in ice and the other in warm water. After
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