Effects of Temperature on Catalase Activity Essay examples

976 Words Apr 22nd, 2006 4 Pages
Effects of Temperature and pH on Catalase Activity

INTRODUCTION

Enzymes are organic catalysts that spur metabolic reactions. The presence of an enzyme within a cell is essential in order for any sort of reaction to take place. All enzymes are complex proteins that act in an organism's closely controlled internal environment. In such a homeostatic environment, the temperature and the pH (concentration of hydrogen ions), remain within a fairly narrow range. Extreme variations in pH and temperature denature the enzyme by altering its chemical structure, thus adversely affecting the chemical reaction. As even the slightest change in the protein's structure will change the enzyme's shape enough to prevent the formation of the
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Immediately after removing the tubes, hydrogen peroxide was added to each tube up to the second (5 cm) mark. They were then swirled to mix, and after fifteen seconds, the bubble columns in each vile were measured in millimeters, and then recorded in a data table. The procedure for analyzing pH levels was rather different. The three test tubes, marked at three different levels, were each filled to the first mark (1cm) with catalase, and to the second mark (3 cm) with water. However, the pH of the water had been adjusted differently for each vile. The first tube received water adjusted to pH three, the second received water adjusted to pH seven, and third received pH eleven. Consequently, each tube was then filled to the last mark (7 cm) with hydrogen peroxide, swirled to mix and then observed after twenty seconds. After twenty seconds passed, the bubble columns of each of he tubes were measured in millimeters. Results were recorded on a chart.

RESULTS As expected, during the temperature test, the least amount of bubbles were emitted in tubes that had been exposed to extreme heat. The tube placed in boiling water yielded zero millimeters of bubbles. The boiling water denatured the enzyme and altered its chemical structure rendering it incapable of undergoing metabolic reactions. For these same reasons, the vile placed in a hot bath, containing water at 85 degrees, produced only one