Effects of Urban Crime on the Urban Environment

3791 WordsJan 24, 201116 Pages
EFFECTS OF URBAN CRIME ON THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT Technical Paper by: Ms. Adit Padhi (aditipadhi@gmail.com) “Greater concern about terrorism places new opportunities before the design community. If protection is considered from the outset, design can make buildings and people safer.”1 Introduction Violent crime was the issue of the nineties, while terrorism has become the talk at the onset of 21st century. Understanding crime prevention design is therefore an invaluable tool in organization and maintenance of order in our societies. Planner and sociologist Duncan describes “ a social problem as a recurrent condition that has been defined by influential groups as a deviation from social standards.”2 When a social deviance exceeds group…show more content…
6 REQUIREMENTS FOR CRIME FREE HOUSING: 1. Moderate locking system, provided the opportunity for crime is reduced by design. 2. Facing windows: The houses should face each other across the street or similar shared access area , to create a system of mutual surveillance. (Fig 1.1) 3. High fences at the sides and rear, boundaries of individual housing plots. 4. Front access to a secure yard, by providing a gateway to the front of the house. The gateway should be lockable and easily supervised from inside. 5. Access for servicing and delivering. It is desirable to provide such a space by the front door, but out of sight from the public footpath 6. Space at the front acting as transition zones. (Fig 1.2) 7. All car parking should be on the hard standings within he curtilage of the house, preferably at the front to facilitate surveillance. (Fig 1.3) 8. A garages at the side of the road close to the front entrance. (Fig 1.4) 9. Limit road access to an area as it reduces traffic. (Fig 1.5) 10. Avoid through pedestrian routes. Where pedestrian routes are separate from the roadways, they should not be planned to create a series of through routes. (Fig 1.6) 11. Houses should be oriented to face access routes and especially to focus on the entry points to provide intensive surveillance. (Fig 1.7) 12. Green spaces outside housing areas, and provided near the entrances. (Fig 1.8) Literature Review:
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