Effects of Urbanization

890 Words Feb 17th, 2018 4 Pages
By 2050, it is predicted that 64.1% and 85.9% of the developing and developed world respectively will be urbanized, compared to 1800 where only about 2% of the world’s population lived in urban areas (Urbanization). Urbanization is necessary to sustain growth in developing countries. Urbanization changes the social and environmental landscape across the globe. The increase in world population has tripled the urban population. The most striking examples of the urbanization of the world are the megacities of 10 million or more people. In 1975, only four megacities existed; in 2000, there were 18. In addition, by 2015 the UN estimates that there will be 22 (Urbanization: an Environmental Force). Urbanization does lead to some positive benefits as well as many negative benefits. Public health is a growing risk associated with urbanization, specifically air pollution that has a significant effect on the overall health of urbanized communities lowering the quality of life.
The environment changes when people consume more food, land, energy, and water than in rural communities. Then what happens is the polluted environment changes the health and quality of life of the population. Such pollutions include sanitation issues due to lack of space for garbage disposal, shortage of water supply, and air pollution. Inner city transportation is a key influence in the increase of air…
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