Efficacy of Project Based Learning in Education

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Project based learning and its efficacy in the development of secondary school students’ ICT capabilities Project based learning (PBL) is a model which facilitates learning in students’ by encouraging them to explore and design a solution for a challenging question or a real life problem (Thomas, 2000, p1). This model is based on the constructivist approach in which knowledge is built upon by the students’ themselves through experience and engagement with the problem posed. This paper discusses and reviews the efficacy of PBL in acquiring information and communication technology (ICT) capabilities. This review is primarily focussed on the effect of PBL in secondary school students. The study examines the effectiveness of PBL under the…show more content…
Students can research as well as brainstorm with their peers at just the click of a button. They (students) are likely to get more motivated when they work in a team rather than on their own. The efficacy of PBL in collaborative learning, however, still depends on how it is implemented. There is a need for incorporating a mechanism that can assess individual as well as group behaviour. This mechanism will not only help in providing for an equal distribution of learning but also help the students to reflect on the knowledge gained. These checks can further assist the group as well as the individual to synthesise new ideas and transform their (students’) knowledge. Engagement Engagement is central to learning; is affected by students’ motivation level (Reading, n.d., p. 2). A motivated student is more likely to explore and make a personal understanding of the knowledge they need to learn than a student who is uninterested. Kearsley and Shneiderman (1998) suggested technology can give us more creative ways to help engage a student in his / her learning process. The question is how PBL can engage secondary students in order to increase their participation level in ICT learning. Kearsley and Shneiderman (1998) proposed that there are three main principles of engagement- Create, donate and relate. They advocated the use of PBL in accomplishing at least one of the basic
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