Efficiency of Public Transportation System

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Efficiency of Public Transport Systems Abstract: We all hear the traffic woes everyday. The city has its share of negatives but traffic is one of the most talked about and experienced. One of the solutions generally given to solve the traffic problems is to have an efficient public transportation system. This solution basically cuts down the number of vehicles, and saves fuel, reduces pollution and in some cases is actually efficient in terms of time and money also. This paper discusses on the different modes of public transport by taking different case studies all over the world, the best and the not-so-good and conclusion given on the suitability and improvements or suggestions or solutions if any. It also suggests some of the future…show more content…
US case study: Another paper, Comparative Performance of Public Transport in The US says “There is ongoing debate over the relative advantages of rail and bus transit investments. Rail critics assert that cities which expand their bus transit systems exhibit better performance than those that expand rail systems.” It lists out the advantages of bus system as: Flexibility as in expansion or changing of the routes when needed by the demand or repairs in the roadways. It requires no special facilities: it can run on the existing roadway. This is more suitable for spread out (radial) or dispersed. This is economic in terms of capital cost and operating cost in case the demand is low. And the advantages it lists out of the rail transit are: Greater demand (case study: US). It offers greater comfort due to larger seats with more legroom and the ride is smoother and quiter. It has larger maximum capacity. Rail requires less space and is more cost effective on high volume routes. Greater travel speed and reliability, where rail transit is grade separated. Gives out less air and noise pollution, particularly when electric powered. Lower operating costs per passenger-mile where transit demand is high. This paper concludes: “This analysis indicates that U.S. urban areas that expanded rail service on average significantly outperformed urban areas that only expanded bus
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