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Efforts to Increase the Food Supply Through Herbicide Resistant Plants

Satisfactory Essays
The increase of food supply can solve the hunger and poverty problem in certain countries in the world due to food shortage crisis. According to Thayer (1999), there is 71% of the land is planted with herbicide–tolerant plants compared to insecticide–resistant crops. Crops can be genetically modified into herbicide–tolerant crops in order to increase their resistance towards herbicide as well as to prolong their life spans (Uzogara, 2000). Therefore, herbicides can destroy many target weeds which can affect the normal growth of crops effectively but not the crops itselves (Chemical Control, 2012; Thayer, 1999). However, traditional crops will suffer ‘knock–back’ to its growth as herbicide also kills the crops, at the same time affecting…show more content…
The conventional tillage which emits global greenhouse gas and involves higher energy consumption can hence be reduced (Brookes & Barfoot, 2006).
In addition, farming of herbicide–tolerant crops can be used as alternative rather than using agro–chemicals. This eventually induces higher productivity and reduction of cost as less agro–chemicals are required. Hence, it increases the profits gained through the farming of herbicide tolerant crops. There are Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and economy growth in certain countries such as US, China and India (Carlson, 2011). In Malaysia, it has been reported that biotechnology contributes about 2.5% of GDP growth in 2010 starting from the year 2005 (Carlson, 2011). Brookes and Barfoot (2011) studied about the impact of genetically modified technology on agriculture production and profit gained between the year of 1996 and 2009. They estimated that there is total of $64.7 billion gained in these 14 years. Meanwhile, these genetically modified crops has increased global food production by increasing around 83 million tonnes of soybeans and 130 million tonnes of corn globally (Brookes & Barfoot, 2011).
Although living modified organisms bring several benefits to mankind to a certain extend, it also receives negative feedback in term of critics, safety, environment, religion, ethics and culture from society (Uzogara, 2000). It gives rise to risks in human health and environment. GM crops give rise to
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