Charlene Forest is an associate professor in the Biology department at Brooklyn College, who dedicates her research in to trying to understand the mechanism behind the process of fertilization in algae, as well as what controls expression of gamete-specific genes. To do so, she must understand how sperm and egg gametes first recognize and then fuse with each other. Thus, in order to find what causes the fusion of these gametes, Forest’s lab is cloning genes that prevent the fusion of sperm and egg gametes. She hopes that her research on the fertilization process in algae will help understand the fertilization process in other organisms, particularly humans.
Who should be responsible for stopping the 120 million sperm that are released during a male orgasm from fertilizing a female’s egg? The context of that question has been a societal debate in terms of the consequences of unplanned pregnancy and whether it is a female, male or both sexes responsibility to practice “safe sex”. Introducing the birth control pill for women in the 1960s created a huge controversy between sexual conservatives and the women who would benefit from the pill, but the responsibility still remained in the hands of women. However, as medicine has advanced and the possibility of a male birth control pill has amounted, many wonder if the same issues would arise if a male birth control pill did in fact become
The Sperm and the Egg Felicia Felix PSY/265 December 4, 2011 Professor Tiffany Hamlett This is the journey of the white knight, Sperm, and his princess, Egg, on their journey to Castle infundibulum, which is the outer part of the fallopian tube, and the land of the uterus. With their arrival, it will be decided whether they will become a male or female embryo and in turn that embryo will become a baby! Princess Egg has waited a long time and looked forward for her white knight to find her. It is fate that the two will meet, because there are so many in their homes that it is only chance that they combine. We will be starting out with the princess in her home in the ovary, while the knight is
Judson contributes to onefs understanding of sex among different organisms in that she makes difficult concepts simple to comprehend. Although she uses scientific terminology, she limits it so that anyone can understand the technical information she shares. Judson also describes the types of environments in which each species and
Reading descriptions in medical texts, Martin wondered how male-oriented views from textbooks matched so cohesively with those of the interviewees. After some research, Martin realized the thought process of woman during labor matched the text book definitions due the definitions men witnessed during childbirth and illustrated in text books and woman culturally internalized and learned through ideology as a description of contractions vs. giving birth.
Martin investigates how cultural stereotypes of the two sexes are subtly incorporated into descriptions of the egg and sperm in scientific papers. She expresses that giving stereotypical roles to the egg and sperm has the “power to naturalize our social conventions about gender” (501). By associating the egg with feminine traits and the sperm with masculine traits, scientists make these
Dr. Tatiana’s Sex Advice to All Creation, written by Olivia Judson, mimics a Dear Abby column in a newspaper, in which her audience, ranges from a honeybee to spotted hyena, write-in and ask for help with their sex lives. She covers a slew of different sex topics, some more pleasant
b) “The methods used to obtain eggs have put egg donation in the spotlight, especially the issue of compensating women for their eggs.” (Chapter Preface)
By disrupting these systems…we’re putting our own survival in danger.” In the event that the premise behind infertility was brought about by our own missteps in human progression, Children of Men addresses the possible consequences that imminent extinction would have on the
Martin, after careful consideration and researching in unique methods, comes to an overall conclusion that there are cultural influences in the way egg and sperm interactions are presented in textbooks. This conclusion has many serious
Emily Martin, an anthropology professor at New York University, explores gender related indifferences males and females face through scientific research in her article, “The Egg and Sperm: How Science has Constructed a Romance Based on Stereotypical Male – Female Roles”. Throughout her findings, she attempts to explain the scientific language of our biology. Martin argues that traditionally texts and findings define eggs and sperm as feminine and masculine characteristics. By ways of contrast, Martin approaches the sperm and the egg argument in context related to societal beliefs, which suggests that stereotypes in terms of cultural aspects define masculine and feminine roles. She disputes the argument of the sperm being seen as the “aggressor and powerful one,” as opposed to the egg, which is seen as “weak and in distress” (Martin, 2013, p. 119). Despite all the women’s movements and fights for equal rights women have been continuously oppressed based on physical characteristics. Martin provides numerous
“Hana couldn’t bear to watch another execution on Piths square. So instead she concentrates her attention on the dirt beneath her nails trying hard not to let her eyes wander. The dark gray sky pushes down over the community creating an unsettling feel looming in the air. The Sentries then
How would you define your sex? Would you define it the same as you would your gender? In this paper, I will be discussing the common misconception associated with the relationship between sex and gender, and answering the question: “Is gender real?” I will also be relating the answer to this question to the epistemic virtue of wisdom. First, I will begin by giving the definitions of gender and sex, while pointing out the obvious differences between them, and explaining the realist’s, anti-realist’s, and skeptic’s approach to these two terms. I will also give the definition of what a natural kind is in order to make these approaches clearer. After I’ve given the three approaches, I will explain why the anti-realist’s approach is the most
Emily Martin 's article The Egg and the Sperm highlights androcentric biases hidden within biology texts. Martin acknowledges the language that is being used around the egg and the sperm cells, attributing the sperm with masculine characteristics while the egg is given more feminine characteristics. The language that Martin speaks about is not only found in texts, but also in educational films such as: Fertilization: a Love Story, and The Miracle of Human Creation parts one and two. The language of giving these body cells a gender or gender characteristics has become so habitual that it has gone unnoticed until pointed out. Being that the egg and sperm cells are bodily cells just like any other cell (brain cell, lung cell, etc), it is outrageous to assign them characteristics attributed to a gender.
Abstract From Aristotle and Plato studying animals. To 1653 William Harvey discovering the importance of the female egg for reproduction. Anton Van Leeuwenhoek in 1678 used the microscope to identify sperm as a seed. Elizabeth Osgood Goodrich Willard came up with the term sexology and opened to the research to understand sex in a whole new level. In this paper we will learn about a couple different sexologist and how they did the research on sex.