Egoism And Its Effects On Society

819 WordsApr 12, 20164 Pages
Egoism states that humans need to do what is best for them. It claims that it is not only people’s right, but their duty to look after their own interests first. Altruism, on the other hand, is the direct opposite of this; it claims that people ought to look after others interests ahead of theirs. One argument supporting egoism is rooted in what appears to be conceptual truths concerning intentional action. For instance, Feigin et al. (2014) argue that people’s actions are aroused by their own desires. This directly supports egoism since it shows that people are all out to satisfy their own needs. Also, according to moral education, humans are on a general mission to gain pleasure and avoid pain, confirming their egotistic nature. Normal experiences prove that it is important to impose sanctions on people for them to be nice or caring, particularly children. Even though, some part is done with the aim of helping the child, a majority of it is done with the aim of avoid the adult pain (Feigin et al., 2014). According to Maner & Gailliot (2007), human inclinations are not mainly selfish: altruism has been evolutionarily valued in humans, and even the youngest children normally try to be caring, kind or helpful. Maner & Gailliot (2007) claim that evolutionary theorists for a long time have centered on competition and the ruthlessness of natural selection, but fail to take into consideration a key factor: human beings cannot live in a world that lacks charity and social

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