Egypt total area is about 1,002,000 km², but only 78,990 km² is populated, and that is because the river Nile, the delta and its basin attracts people to live there as the good soil, the plenty of water and the cool climate ,As a result, the most area of Egypt are considered to be arid areas.
Existing arid areas in Egypt caused several problem as follows:
1-Lack of resources as a result of neglecting deserts and the areas that are not populated so we don’t explore resources well and make the best use of it.
2-Urban congestion problem is a result of existence of arid areas.
3-It causes the problem of unemployment because people have no enough chances and fields to work in the already populated area.