Essay on Egypt, Mesopotamia and Ancient Greek Civilizations

1810 Words Nov 27th, 2012 8 Pages
Michael Jones
Egypt, Mesopotamia and Ancient Greek Civilizations The Ancient Egyptians, Mesopotamia, and Greeks were some of the oldest complex societies, although similar in many aspects. Mesopotamia is located in the Fertile Crescent, land in and between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers usually known as modern day Iraq and Eastern Syria.(24) In Egypt, the Nile River creates a fertile valley which is rich in nutrients and essential to their survival. The Nile flows from Burundi, slightly south of the equator eventually traveling through Egypt and into the Mediterranean. Ancient Greece is situated very closely to Egypt so trading was easy between them. How are these three civilizations comparable and different?
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Egypt, unlike Mesopotamia did not have a slave markets. Slaves were usually prisoners captured in wartimes. They could often be located in the households of Pharaohs or working in mines. This structure of Egyptian culture held similar relationships to the Greeks. Ancient Greece had a social structure that matches some of Egypt’s and Mesopotamian. Although, Ancient Greece did not have Pharaohs, they did however have an upper-class. To be a member of this class you couldn’t have a job and an individual had to possess many talents and wealth. The middle-class or Metics known as free men of foreign birth were ineligible for citizenship. They were mostly professional men merchants, contractors, manufactures, managers, tradesmen and craftsmen. The lower class was partly made of freedmen, individuals who were once slaves. These individuals could thus come up from being a slave by purchasing their freedom or anything else to being a member of the middle class. Slaves were often prisoners of war, victims of slave raids, infants rescued from exposure, and criminals. All of the social stratification connects to each other and some diversity can be seen in each society. Government in Mesopotamia was similar to modern democracies. The Sumerians in Mesopotamia elected an assembly of individuals similar to the ancient Greeks to operate the government. The kings in Sumer were elected by the assembly and as time proceeded the Lugals considered themselves to be godlike. They
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