Egypt 's Political Structure : An Arab Republic Democracy

907 Words4 Pages
Monica Murphy
PS 2 T/TH 930-1050
Nick Rowell
7 May 2015
Egypt Election Analysis Essay
Egypt’s political structure is considered an Arab Republic Democracy. However, its citizens tend to believe otherwise. Due to the immense amount of corruption and scandal in Egyptian politics, Egypt has been closely compared to a hierarchical pyramid of mafias. In this pyramid, power is gained through coercion and extortion. Those at the top, in charge of the country’s decision-making process, are likely the most politically corrupt and wealthy.
The Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt largely derives from ideologies in English Common Law and The Napoleonic Code. Egypt operates as a semi-presidential multi-party system. The Executive Branch
…show more content…
Egypt’s legislative branch is a bicameral Parliament consisting of the People’s Assembly and the Advisory Council. The People’s Assembly or lower house is made up of 454 directly elected and 10 presidentially appointed members of a five-year-term. The People’s Assembly holds the power to appoint and impeach the president, replace the Council of Ministers and its Prime Minister with a vote of no confidence, levy taxes, create new laws, and undertake investigations. Above all, the Assembly is responsible for drafting State budget and developmental planes: the Assembly must approve all state monetary transactions. The president can dissolve of the Assembly before the five-year-term ends.
The Advisory Council or upper house is composed of 264 members, 88 of which are appointed by the president. The Council is far more limited in power compared to the People’s Assembly. The Council generally offers the Assembly Advice regarding constitutional amendment and state policy. The Advisory Council proposes new laws an regulations for the People’s Assembly to consider.
The Egyptian judiciary combines both secular and religious courts, the highest being the Supreme Constitutional Court established in 1969. The Supreme Court has exclusive jurisdiction to validate the constitutionality of laws and regulations. The Egyptian legal system is primarily based on French legal concepts and values the principals of due process
Get Access