Essay about Egyptian Pyramids Architecture

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- THE STEP PYRAMID of Pharaoh Djoser
- THE GREAT PYRAMID of Pharaoh Khufu

This essay focuses on two different types of pyramids; the Step pyramid which was the first pyramid and the Great pyramid, which was the largest pyramid built in Egypt. The essay investigates the meaning of the selected forms for the Egyptian culture and explains their dialog with the cosmos.

The architecture of ancient Egypt is one of the most important civilizations in history, which developed of different structures and great architectural monuments along the River Nile.
The Egypt pyramids were constructed for the pharaoh, as a tomb. Their
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Then he achieved building the first pyramid by placing large series of stone on top of each other.
Arnold states, ‘’From the earliest 3rd dynasty step pyramids in Egypt that they were built with accreditation walls or layers’’. [3] ‘’The accreditation layers were sloped inside at an angle. It was probably done to provide structural durability. Each part of the pyramid between two steps is referred to as a mastaba. Each accreditation wall or layer shaped one step of the step pyramid and defined the base of the next mastaba by reducing the height of the wall layer by layer.’’ [3]
Intended to hold his mummified body, Pharaoh Djoser's Step Pyramid at Saqqara began as a traditional, flat-roofed mastaba. But by the end of his 19-year reign, in 2611 B.C.E, it had risen to six stepped layers and stood 62 meters high. It was the largest building of its time. Extensive use of stone, wood, reeds, or other materials made the tomb more durable than its mud-brick structure. The Step Pyramid complex was enclosed by a 10 meters wall and included courtyards, temples, and chapels covering nearly 40 acres (16 hectares) the size of a large town in the third millennium B.C.

As in earlier mastaba tombs, the Step Pyramid's burial chambers were underground, hidden in a maze of tunnels. However the tomb was stolen, and only left from the third king of Egypt's 3rd dynasty, Djoser is his mummified left foot.
The Step

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