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Ehrlichiosis Research Papers

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Ehrlichiosis and Anaplasmosis

Ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis are diseases caused by bacteria and carried by ticks. Other names for these infections are:
• Human monocytic ehrlichiosis (HME).
• Human granulocytotropic anaplasmosis (HGA).

CAUSES
These diseases are caused by a bite from an infected adult tick.

RISK FACTORS
These diseases are more likely to occur between late spring and early fall. This is when ticks are active.

SYMPTOMS
Many infected people have no symptoms. For those with symptoms, HME and HGA cause similar illnesses. Symptoms typically begin one week or more after a tick bite and may include:

DIAGNOSIS
Diagnosis is based on a physical exam, medical history, and blood tests. Your health care provider may suspect HME or HGA:
• If you have recently been bitten by a tick.
• If you have been in areas
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Be aware that most ticks live in shrubs, low tree branches, and grassy areas. A tick can climb onto your body when you make contact with leaves or grass where the tick is waiting. Take these steps to avoid tick bites when you are outdoors:
• Wear protective clothing. Long sleeves and long pants are best.
• Wear white clothes so you can see ticks more easily.
• Tuck your pant legs into your socks.
• Put insect repellent on all exposed skin and on your clothes.
• Use tick prevention products on your pets, such as shampoos or tick collars.
• If you go walking on a trail, stay in the middle of the trail to avoid brushing against bushes.
• Avoid walking through areas that have long grass.
• Check clothing, hair, and skin repeatedly and before going inside.
• Check family members and pets for ticks.
• Brush off any ticks that are not attached.
• Take a shower or a bath as soon as possible after you have been outdoors. Check your skin for ticks. The most common places on the body where ticks attach themselves are the scalp, neck, armpits, waist, and
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