Essay on Einstein on Relativity

1371 Words 6 Pages
Einstein on Relativity

The theories of relativity were revolutionary. Everybody agrees that Einstein brought about this revolution. Even the people that claim that Einstein just tweaked the theories of Lorentz and Poincaré, admit that Einstein was the first to recognize the physical meaning of the formulations. He understood that the terms and concepts like those of absolute space and absolute time must lose there meaning and other concepts had to replace them, if we were to be able to understand the phenomena of electrodynamics. All this is consistent with a scientific revolution as conceived of by Kuhn. It is then possible to express the revolution in science that Einstein started in terms of Kuhn’s paradigms and paradigm shifts.
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The third part of a disciplinary matrix is the values that the disciplinary matrix holds. This is what a paradigm values as a criteria for judging theories in that disciplinary matrix. In the Newtonian paradigm, quantitatively expressed theories were valued. Another thing that was valued were the vague notions that Newton called his first two rules of reasoning. There is another thing that is sometimes considered part of a disciplinary matrix. They are called the exemplars of the matrix. These are concrete solutions to problems that the disciplinary matrix has posed. They represent the best of the disciplinary matrix and their form is looked upon as a model for future research. They are concrete examples of how the disciplinary matrix has determined science should work. These disciplinary matrices create the worldview that people use when they look at the world and conduct science. Most importantly, a paradigm sets up the basic rules that everyone follows when conducting science. The first thing that it sets up is the problems that are accessible to science. Different paradigms want different things to be answered. It also sets up what the rules for observation are. For example, in the Newtonian paradigm, telescopes are valid where as clairvoyance is not. A disciplinary matrix also defines the basic terms that it uses. For example, the disciplinary matrix would provide the
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