El Greco Fallacy Reaction Paper

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Reaction Paper 2 Firestone and School's (2014) research aims to use the logic of the El Greco Fallacy in order to rule out top-down effects on perception. The theory of the El Greco Fallacy is that this Spanish artist who painted distorted figures could not have had a perceptual problem, like astigmatism, because the distorted perceptions would cancel out when he looked at the canvas, leaving no distortion. This theory was applied to two case studies involving perceptual effects. Firestone and Scholl wanted to determine if the evidence was lacking a hypothesis that the perceptual effects should not occur. The hypothesis tested by Firestone and Scholl (2014) is that if the logic of the El Greco Fallacy is applied to the existing case studies, then…show more content…
Each replicated case study also showed the presumed perceptual effects, as well as the El Greco Fallacy effect. Case study 1, which examined spatial perception, included experiments 1-3. In experiment 1 the subjects were randomly assigned to hold a rod or not and then to view one of two apertures. The subjects were also told that during the experiment they would have to walk through the aperture (although this was purposeful misinformation); these were the independent variables. The dependent variable of experiment 1 was that the subject had to determine the width of the aperture after imagining walking through it. The experimenter held a measuring tape and directed the subject to give an exact measurement. Experiment 2 replicated experiment 1, except instead of using a measuring tape, the experimenter had a second aperture. The subject had the experimenter maneuver the aperture to be the same width as the original aperture, again after imagining walking through the aperture. Experiment 2 introduces the El Greco Fallacy – if there was in fact a visual perception effect, then the subjects

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