El Salvador : A Country On The Pacific Coast Of Central America

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El Salvador is a country on the Pacific coast of Central America, and borders Guatemala to the west and Honduras to the north and east (Geography). It is known for being the smallest Central American country and has an area equal to that of Massachusetts, it is also the only one with an Atlantic coastline (Geography). The majority of El Salvador 's land is made up of a chain of volcanoes that expands throughout the Northern side of the country. The current government of El Salvador is a Republican one. El Salvador was discovered and conquered in 1525 by Pedro de Alvarado a lieutenant of Cortes 's. El Salvador declared its independence from Spain on Sept 15, 1821 and was part of a union of other Central American countries from which they all declared independence from Spain. Afterwards El Salvador has experienced several wars and revolutions, which included a 12-year civil war. During this war in the 1970s there were two key groups who controlled the majority of the country since 1961. These groups were the right-wing National Conciliation Party (PCN), and the leftist antigovernment guerilla units, whose leading group was the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) who were in control of opposite sides of the country (History). After several years of skirmishing, on January 16, 1992, the government signed a peace treaty with the guerilla forces, which ended the civil war that had killed 75,000 people. During the late 1900s and early 2000s the country was struck by

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