Elective Caesarean Births : Issues And Implications

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Elective Caesarean Births: Issues and Implications Elective caesarean birth is defined as caesarean birth upon maternal request without medical or obstetric indication that it is necessary (Lowdermilk, Perry, Cashion, & Alden, 2012). Caesarean birth should not be an option on maternal request as there are many potential risks and implications for both the mother and her baby associated with this procedure. Easter (2015) states “caesarean sections on maternal request can do more harm than good and should not be available ‘on demand’” (p.359). The purpose of this paper is to discuss the overall issue of elective caesarean sections using research and evidence from literature. This paper will thoroughly discuss reasons why pregnant women…show more content…
As mentioned by Vladic et al. (2010) and Kottmel et al. (2012), the rate of caesarean sections being performed without obstetric or medical indication is increasing (as cited in Karlström, Lindgren & Hildingsson, 2013). Over the past decade, caesarean section rates have increased internationally (Deng et al., 2014); therefore this is a global issue. This is an issue because caesarean births pose many risks to both the mother and baby and should only be necessary for the purpose of preserving life and maintaining health when complications exist. With the increase in caesarean births, this also has an impact on our health care system, especially on health care costs. This issue affects primarily mothers and their babies, but can also affect nurses making ethical decisions and everyone worldwide due to the impact on our health care system and health care expenses. Why Mothers are Choosing Caesarean Birth There are many reasons women are choosing caesarean births upon maternal request (Silver, 2015). Women who choose to have an elective caesarean birth often see only the possible benefits of caesarean births without being aware of or considering the many risks that are associated with this procedure. “In the absence of a medical indication for a specific procedure, the excess risks associated with the procedure itself must be considered” (Karlström et al., 2013, p. 479). According to Easter
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