Essay on Electoral College

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Electoral College (audience: people of the U.S.)
You walk into the voting booth on the first Tuesday of November to cast your vote for who you think should be President. You take your ballot into the box believing, as most people do, that your vote will be counted along with the rest of the population. You do this because you believe it could be the deciding vote for the presidential race. Well, you are horribly mistaken. What you may not realize is that the Electoral College actually elects the President, not the individual voters. The Electoral College is an outdated, flawed institution that does not reflect the majority of the country’s opinion, and, therefore, it should be abolished and replaced by a direct election, or at the very
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In 24 states the electors are required to vote as pledged, while in the rest of the country electors are not legally bound to voting for the candidate who won their state. When all the electoral votes are counted, if a candidate gets more than half the votes (270), he becomes the new President. If there is no majority, then the election goes into the House of Representatives where each state is given one vote and they vote on the top three candidates. If a candidate gets a majority vote, then he becomes President; if not, voting continues until a majority is reached and the speaker of the House becomes the temporary President (How 1,2).
There are three major problems to the current Electoral College system. First, a President can be elected to office even if he does not win the popular vote of the nation, which is a direct indication of what the people want. Another problem is that all electors are not restricted by law to vote for the candidate who wins their state, and therefore they have the privilege to put their states electoral votes towards any candidate they so choose. Finally, the system for electing a President if no electoral majority is reached defeats the whole purpose of the Electoral College, by giving every state one vote (The Electoral College 11-13).
Consider this: in the presidential race of 1888 between Grover Cleveland and Benjamin Harrison, Cleveland won the popular vote by over 100,000 votes, but when broken down into Electoral College

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