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Electronic Surveillance Paper

Decent Essays
One of the unique techniques used in investigations is electronic surveillance. Electronic surveillance is a successful technique because it is keeping pace with advancing technology and highly sophisticated offenders. More specifically a common form of this type of surveillance is wiretapping. Wiretapping is the practice of connecting a listening device to a telephone to secretly monitor a conversation (Colbridge, 2000). First of all, wiretapping use among investigators is increasing, but its difficulty in obtaining it shows a decline in use. The number of authorized wiretaps in 2014 was 3,554, which demonstrates a decrease by one percent in 2013. The most common crime investigated under wiretaps was drug offenses, they accounted for 89%…show more content…
Wiretapping is viewed as an invasion of privacy, so the decision of whether a warrant is needed has been hard to define. Therefore, in 1967, the United States Supreme Court decided in Katz vs. United States defined a search under the fourth amendment. It stated, “The Court decided that a Fourth Amendment search occurs anytime the government infringes a person's reasonable expectation of privacy” (Colbridge, 2000). A warrant order must include a full and complete statement as to whether or not other investigative procedures have been tried and failed or why they reasonably appear to be unlikely to succeed if tries or why they reasonably…show more content…
These should be compared to other methods of investigative techniques if the level of invasion can be avoided. It is important to examine the search warrant requirements to ensure it addresses and hits all points of what is necessary to avoid loopholes or make obtaining a warrant possible. In 2014 the number of wiretaps placed dropped from the number in 2013 because judges made it harder for prosecutors to obtain a warrant for wiretaps. In order to solve the wiretap controversy regarding the recording of officials’ public focus groups should be in place. This would be a solution because in present society there are more cases of officials unlawfully using their power to detain citizens, especially those of color. Therefore it would be beneficial to create wiretap laws that will allow citizens to record their interaction if he/she believes they are being treated unfairly without being detained in an attempt to protect
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