Elements Of Metaphysical Poetry

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During the 1600s, a group of poets created a type of poetry known as metaphysical poetry. Metaphysical poetry is a type of poetry that is devotional and mystical in content; it incorporates intellect, logic, and argument to demonstrate concepts such as love and death. Metaphysical poems have the elements of metaphors, metaphysical conceits, paradoxes, and analogies. Metaphors and metaphysical conceits, a type of extended metaphor, are used to show a connection between two things that are not similar and to prove the speaker’s point in his poem. Paradoxes, statements that seem contradictory but suggest a truth, are used to help readers to think about the subject in the poem in a different way. Analogies, another characteristic of this type…show more content…
This metaphysical conceit expresses the speaker’s love because it proves that no matter how far he is from his wife, she will always keep him moving forward; their love is strong and will last through the separation.
“Death Be Not Proud” is another example of a metaphysical poem written by John Donne. The poem is an apostrophe, and it reveals a paradox at the end of the poem. An apostrophe is a speech that is made by a speaker towards a person or idea that is absent. This is presented in the poem when the speaker addresses Death as if it was a person. The speaker insults Death by stating that he is not as powerful or scary as many think he is and that he is a slave to fate. The speaker expresses, “Death, be not proud, though some have called thee/ Mighty and dreadful, for thou art not so;...” (1-2). Death is proud for being able to put people to sleep, however the speaker further insults him by explaining that there are other methods of sleeping, such as poppy or charms, and that his only knowledge is of poison, war, and sickness (10-11). Additionally, the speaker believes that Death does not have the power to overthrow him because he is a Christian, so he will move on to an eternal afterlife after dying. At the end of the poem, the speaker claims that Death will have to die when all have moved on to an afterlife. This an example of a paradox because Death will have to kill himself once everyone has moved on to an afterlife. Therefore, he will no longer exist. The
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