Elements Of Primary, Intimate, And Task Groups

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When looking at and researching groups that have elements of primary, intimate, and task groups in the storming or conflict stage of group development, it is relatively easy to identify previous literature that has analyzed at least one element of this classification. Previous research has looked at almost every aspect of the three groups, including: dynamics of groups that involve same-sex members, internal group conflict, development of groups, and legitimacy in peer groups. However, most of the research I found involved conflict amongst task groups. The following four sources delve into the various levels of task and peer group conflict, whether interpersonal or task-oriented.
Developmental Sequence in Small Groups – Bruce W. Tuckman, 1965 Tuckman’s article addresses four stages of group formation. Based off of observation of groups: therapy-group studies, T-group studies, and laboratory-group studies (Tuckman, 1965). After these observations, he was able to propose four stages of development: forming, storming, norming, performing (Tuckman, 1965). Forming, when group members come together and identify as a group. Storming, when group members start to rebel against certain traits of the group. Norming, when those conflicting feelings are overcome and cohesion is developed. Performing, when the group organizes and executes a specific task. The data he compiled was qualitative in nature and was taken from twenty-six therapy groups, 11 training groups, and theoretical

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