Elements Of Romanticism In The Scarlet Letter

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Romanticism writing started in the early 1800’s, and it expressed seven elements of American Literature, ranging from the value on individualism to the supernatural. Two pieces of writing that developed during this time were,“The Scarlet Letter” by Nathaniel Hawthorne and “Civil Disobedience” by Henry David Thoreau. “The Scarlet Letter” is a novel about a woman, Hester Prynne, who committed adultery with the minister, Arthur Dimmesdale and has to proceed with her life by being shamed. In “Civil Disobedience,” Thoreau discusses how individuals should not let government overpower and have unjust laws. Therefore, romantic writers use the elements of value on individualism and the reliance on instinct through irony and metaphors to show how members of high society, who break their own rules, inflict their hypocrisy on others.
One such writer who used the romantic element of reliance on instinct through metaphors is Nathaniel Hawthorne. The romantic element of reliance on instinct is the idea that spark of God is within everyone making one’s instinct reliable. In “The Scarlet Letter” Dimmesdale was to meet Pearl and Hester in their meeting spot, the forest since he cannot be seen with them in public due to his status in society as a minister. In effect, Pearl asks Hester Prynne “ ‘And, mother, he has his hand over his heart! Is it because… the Black Man set his mark in that place? But why does he not wear it outside his bosom, as thou dost, mother?’"(Hawthorne, 184). As one

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