Elements and Principles of 3d Design

1588 Words May 2nd, 2011 7 Pages
The Elements and Principles of Three-Dimensional Design

v. to mark out, to plan, purpose, intend...
n. a plan conceived in the mind, of something to be done...
n. adaptation of means to end... The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary

Elements of 3-D Design

Space: distance, area, volume; physical space independent of what occupies it; absolute space.

Line: the edge or outline of a form, the meeting of planes; linear materials include: wire, wood, metal rod, string or any materials with a long thin shape.

Plane: a flat or level surface –– planar materials include foam core, cardboard, sheet metal, plastic sheets, and plywood.

Mass/ Volume: closed, independent, three dimensional form ––interpenetrable, completely surrounded by
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In some cases, the intent is to present the essence of an object rather than its outer form.

Abstract: (verb) to simplify, emphasize or distort qualities of a real-life image.

Amorphous: having a shape without clarity of definition/ formless, indistinct, and of uncertain dimension.

Anthropomorphic: Having qualities reminiscent of the human form; referring, however remotely, to the human form or human gestures.

Articulated: attached with a flexible or movable joint, as in the digits of a finger.

Assemblage: a work generated from a variety of objects and/or forms originally intended for other purposes.

Attenuate: make thinner, more slender (e.g. Giacometti’s human figures are attenuated.)

Axis: a line, real or imagined, around which the material that composes an object appears to be organized.

Cantilever: a structural member, as in architecture, projecting from an upright, and unsupported at the opposite end.

Casting: a sculptural technique in which liquid materials are shaped by being poured into a mold.

Composition: an ordered relationship among parts or elements of a design.

Concave: a negative area in a plane or surface, a scooped out or indented form or area.

Content: the substance of a work of art, including its emotional, intellectual, symbolic, thematic, and narrative connotations.

Contour: the outline of an object


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