Elton Mayo Case Study

1679 Words7 Pages
It is important that managers, administrators and students of management study organisations, because they have a very powerful influence on our daily lives (Lewis B Dzimbiri, 2015),further according to Etzion (1964) in (Lewis B Dzimbiri, 2015) mentioned that “we are born in organisations, we play in organisations, we grow in organisations and we shall die in organisations”. Therefore human beings should have a hunger to study organization, to know how they are structured, operate and what impact do they have on our lives. This essay will discuss positive and negative impacts of the organization on human life. Furthermore, it will assess the relevance of management theories such as classical, behavior and open systems in understanding of formal…show more content…
Elton Mayo and other contributors to behavior studies identified an element that the classical approach missed; people, who fill the organization structures and their behavior. The approach is more concerned with the psychological and social aspects of a worker as individuals and groups, level of supervision and responsibility. Individuals belong to groups and workers are strongly motivated by social needs. This concept was started by Elton Mayo with his Hawthorne studies where he and his team were trying to find optimum level of lighting in the plant in order to maximize productivity, what was realized is that productivity increased more because of the experiments. People became more excited with the experiments because they made them feel important and valued. Main contributors to this approach are Elton mayo; human relations school, Chris Argyris the immature and mature theory, Douglas McGregor; theory X and Y. Motivation theories also fall under the category of human behavior science, theories proposed by Abraham Maslow; hierarchy of needs, Fredrick Herzberg; the two factor theory. Main elements are Emphasis on differences among individuals and as a result people require different ways of managing and motivating people and emphasis on the importance of informal organizations that exist within the formal organization
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