Emergence Of Structural Functionalism. Structural Functionalist

1402 WordsFeb 19, 20176 Pages
Emergence of Structural Functionalism Structural functionalist theories are grounded in the thought that society and family are congenial entities and, as such, the harmony between the two is the natural state of people, as found in Leeder (2004). Structural functionalism, and the viewing of the family as a social system, is at the core of the family process and other theories. To understand structural-functionalism, we must first understand the coalescing theories in which it is rooted, functionalism and structuralism. Both approaches gained momentum in the 1920’s, during the time in which diffusionism also emerged. Functionalism Functionalism viewed society as a network of institutions, such as marriage and religion, that are related…show more content…
Structural-functionalism is quite important to our understanding of how families in other parts of the world have been explained and the lens through which families have been viewed. However, it is a way of seeing that is now being challenged by other theorists and might not hold true in a transnational twenty-first-century (Leeder, 2004). Elements of Structural Functionalism Interdependence Since society is composed of different parts, and the proper operation of these parts is necessary to the smooth operation of society as a whole, the interdependence of the parts is an important feature of functional analysis. The roles assumed of people, along with societal institutions and organizations are all interdependent. A change in one part disturbs others, requiring other parts to take account of the changes, adjust its actions, and acclimate to any changes needed. While most sociological approaches recognize the interdependence of the elements of a society, the functionalist approach tends to regard these elements of society (individuals or institutions) as having particular functions to perform. For example, Parsons reasons that every person inhabits a rank or place within an assemblage. "Status and role tend to go together in what Parsons calls the 'status-role bundle '" (Grabb, 1990). These are the means in which people fill the constructs of society. So long as roles are carried out, the constructs are efficiently
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