Emergence of the Modern World

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The Emergence of Modern World The 16th century was a period of extraordinary transformation of the world. It marks the very beginning of the modern era of knowledge, skill, art and science. It was the time of grand investigation and discoveries, religious and political havocs, and astonishing literature. Europe's overland trade routes to the East had been blocked by 14th century due to the disintegration of the Mongol empire and the expansion of the Ottoman Empire. Thus began the "Age of Discovery" with the "search for new trade routes, the rise of merchant capitalism, and the desire to exploit the potential of a global economy" ("exploration," 2012). Several voyages were initiated along the African coast by Henry the Navigator that facilitated in the diffusion of the false notions and propaganda that had obstructed earlier endeavors to cruise through the sweltering region. In the 15th and 16th centuries, renowned explorers emerged including Ferdinand Magellan, Vasco de Balboa, Francisco Pizarro, Cabeza de Vaca, and Francisco de Coronado who explored huge parts of the Americas ("exploration," 2012). The world then witnessed the Transatlantic Slave Trade (Maafa meaning great disaster or tragedy). It was the legitimate abduction and moving of African men, women and children from their land of birth to the Americas where they were forced to work as slaves and grow agricultural products like sugar, tobacco, mahogany etc. The generated wealth was used to transform the
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