Emergency Admission For Diabetes, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia

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Emergency Admission for Diabetes in Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Introduction Diabetes mellitus has been identified as a major health problem in Saudi Arabia due to adoption of modern lifestyle that promotes poor eating habits and sedentary (Elhadd et al., 2007). Moreover, indigenous Saudi Arabia population has a genetic predisposition to type II diabetes that is complicated by consanguinity. According to Khalid et al. (2011) the prevalence of diabetes in Saudi Arabia increased from 4% in 1982 to approximately 30% in 2009. This is a significantly high compared to other countries such as England, where the prevalence is 7.9%. Badran & Laher (2012) noted that the complications that are most prevalent in Saudi diabetes patients include…show more content…
A study conducted by Alamoudi et al. (2009) that sought to determine the pattern of hospitalization for common diseases in Saudi showed that diabetes was the most common diagnoses among hospitalized patients. Cases of diabetes in Arab nations have been noted to be the highest and constantly increasing. Beshyah et al. (2011) sought to determine the pattern of diabetes hospitalization in Abu Dhabi. It was found that over 71% of diabetes admissions were from the emergency room. Hospital stay was noted as 4 days for secondary diagnosis and 5 days for primary diabetes diagnosis. While complications such as stroke, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state and diabetic ketoacidosis are some of the complications that result in emergency admission for diabetes (Ahmed, 2014), Aldaqal et al. (2012) noted that diabetes is a major cause of emergency admission in post-operative patients. The complications being cholelithiasis and patients having a prolonged hospital stay. Although the emergency admission rate for diabetes is lower (70%) compared to 84% in England and 86% in Wales, and hospital shorter (4-5 days), compared 8 nights in England (National Diabetes Inpatient Audit, 2013), the cases of undiagnosed diabetes Arab countries is high (Alhyas et al., 2012) and this may construe the facts. The reviewed literature presents evidence from studies carried out some few years back regarding emergency
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