Emergency Admission For Diabetes, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia

1142 Words Jul 1st, 2015 5 Pages
Emergency Admission for Diabetes in Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Introduction
Diabetes mellitus has been identified as a major health problem in Saudi Arabia due to adoption of modern lifestyle that promotes poor eating habits and sedentary (Elhadd et al., 2007). Moreover, indigenous Saudi Arabia population has a genetic predisposition to type II diabetes that is complicated by consanguinity. According to Khalid et al. (2011) the prevalence of diabetes in Saudi Arabia increased from 4% in 1982 to approximately 30% in 2009. This is a significantly high compared to other countries such as England, where the prevalence is 7.9%. Badran & Laher (2012) noted that the complications that are most prevalent in Saudi diabetes patients include
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While complications such as stroke, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state and diabetic ketoacidosis are some of the complications that result in emergency admission for diabetes (Ahmed, 2014), Aldaqal et al. (2012) noted that diabetes is a major cause of emergency admission in post-operative patients. The complications being cholelithiasis and patients having a prolonged hospital stay. Although the emergency admission rate for diabetes is lower (70%) compared to 84% in England and 86% in Wales, and hospital shorter (4-5 days), compared 8 nights in England (National Diabetes Inpatient Audit, 2013), the cases of undiagnosed diabetes Arab countries is high (Alhyas et al., 2012) and this may construe the facts.
The reviewed literature presents evidence from studies carried out some few years back regarding emergency nature of diabetes. Currently, Saudi Arabia is growing at a high rate and more people are taking up modern lifestyle and thus exposing themselves to obesity and thus increasing the risk of diabetes. Fresh evidence is therefore required to determine the pattern of diabetes hospital admissions for policy development and contribution to the evidence base.
Objectives
1. To determine the rate of diabetes emergency admissions from 2012-2014 in hospitals selected hospitals in Dammam
2. To identify the complicating factors that necessitated emergency admissions
3. Determine the average hospital stay

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