Emergency Admissions For Diabetes, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia

1153 Words Jul 3rd, 2015 5 Pages
Emergency Admissions for Diabetes in Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Introduction
Diabetes mellitus has been identified as a major health problem in Saudi Arabia associated with the adoption of modern lifestyle that promotes poor eating and sedentary exercise habits (Elhadd, Al-Amoudi, and Alzahrani 2007). The indigenous Saudi Arabian population may also have a genetic predisposition to type II diabetes that is related to consanguinity. A review by Alqurashi, Aljabri, and Bokhari (2011) found that the prevalence of diabetes among Saudi Arabian adults increased from 4% in 1982 to approximately 30% in 2009. This is significantly higher when compared to other countries such as England, where the prevalence is estimated at 7.9%. Badran and Laher (2012) found that complications that are common among Saudi diabetes patients include retinopathy (31%), neuropathy (82%), nephropathy (40%), peripheral artery disease (61%), stroke (41%) and even death (60%). Some of these complications, such as stroke, are the causes of emergency admissions. The Eastern region of Saudi Arabia is known to have a high prevalence of type II diabetes mellitus than the Southern region (Badran and Laher 2012). The aim of this study is to determine factors associated with emergency hospital admissions and their short term (three months) outcomes for emergency admitted diabetic patients in Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Literature review
There were more than 3.8 million diabetes cases in Saudi Arabia (Ajayi and…

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