Emergency Management Laws And Act

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Emergency Management laws and acts are established by the Federal Government to allow emergency managers and local elected officials the opportunity to lead disaster response and recovery from the local level to the Federal level. Many of these laws and acts give absolute power to local and state officials to make decisions to best preserve life and property during and after an incident. The laws and acts also hold these officials accountable for the actions that they take and the responsibility is totally held by the official. There are many considerations an emergency manager must think about during and after a disaster such as Dillon’s Law, Home Rule, and other laws that allow for decision-making powers of the local and state officials. One aspect that a local Emergency Manager to consider is that of planning prior to the disaster occurring. Local Emergency Managers are required by law to plan for and mitigate disasters and public health emergencies that could affect their jurisdiction. An example would be that the local Emergency Manager has a plan to evacuate an area where there is a potential for radiation exposure (i.e. nuclear power plant). The plan would also include what other agencies would respond to assist the local government when a disaster arises. For example, a metropolitan city would request assistance from the county health department for a public health emergency (i.e. swine flu outbreak). According to Wilson & McCreight, Emergency Managers are
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