Emergency Management Papers

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Emergency Management
Tehron Cates
North Carolina Central University

Emergency Management
According to the IPCC (2007), climate change refers to a change in the state of the climate that can be identified (e.g. using statistical tests) by changes in the mean and the variability of its properties, and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer. It refers to any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity. Studies suggest that the global climate has been warming and will probably continue to do so. Thus complicated process drives an array of effects, from distinct events like extreme weather to long-term impacts that vary by location, intensity,
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An emergency is sometimes used interchangeably with disaster, which is a state in which normal practices are put off, and extraordinary measures are taken to prevent a catastrophe. A disaster, on the other hand, is an incident upsetting the normal conditions of being and causing a level of suffering that surpasses the capacity of change to the affected community. Emergency management offers the institutional arrangement and conceptual basis to handle increasing complexity and uncertainty in the weather. As such, most sectors of society now integrate emergency management approaches and principles into their adaptation planning. Emergency managers should apply climate research data to focus emergency mitigation, preparedness, and response actions for their communities. However, immediate challenges that might prevail include preparing for frequent or heavy precipitation and flooding, more intense storms, droughts, heat waves and higher seal level.
While climate change is a global issue with impacts all over the world, those people with the smallest amount of resources have the least capacity to adapt and are the most vulnerable (Kelly, 1996). As such, the challenges presented by climate change, such as frequent heavy precipitation, drought, extreme flooding, intense storms, heat waves, and higher sea levels could substantially modify the magnitudes and types of hazards encountered by communities and the
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