Emergency Managers

Decent Essays
For mitigation, planning and response of disasters emergency managers rely heavily on communication. Communication is a major part of existence, people are a part of societies and groups and therefore do not live by isolation. Communication comes in many forms and is used to spread information or ideals among the other members of societies. Emergency managers rely on communication in order to efficiently and effectively manage disasters. By using strong communication with other agencies, governments and communities, emergency managers are able to effectively create and act upon policies and procedures. Communication helps emergency managers understand what it is that needs to be improved upon or changed in order to effectively protect against…show more content…
It then becomes important to determine and communicate each agencies roles and responsibilities. It is very important for these roles to be determined and planned for long before a disaster occurs. In order to help with this communication and determination of roles emergency managers can use the framework of the Incident Command System (ICS). The Incident Command System “features consistent job titles for key positions so communications from agency to agency and agency to hospital can be made because everyone knows the job titles and functions” (SMS, Inc., 2005). This system creates positions with specific roles and responsibilities for disaster mitigation, response and recovery. The system also identifies a type of “chain of command” which designates a direction of flow for communications. Creating these channels of communication and delegating responsibility ensures that responses and recovery in an emergency situation is well understood and efficient. Each involved member therefore knows who he or she is to communicate to directly in order to reduce confusion and ensure that no information is lost or looked…show more content…
Coordination in itself cannot be created without communication among emergency managers and other agencies involved. By expanding on the lines of communication created by ICS, emergency managers can also use the framework created by the National Incident Management System. “ NIMS provides a consistent and common approach and vocabulary to enable the whole community to work together seamlessly and manage all threats and hazards” (FEMA, 2016). NIMS expands the ICS system by using the communication links to create organized and coordinated response plans and procedures. It is national framework that was created to apply in “all incidents, regardless of cause, size, location, or complexity” (FEMA, 2016). This coordination relies heavily on effective communication by community members. Without strong communication, coordination efforts cannot be effective. The use of communication in order to drive coordination also creates a partnership among those involved prior to emergency responses. This partnership can also spread ideas and experiences between those working together and can improve communication and understanding in the future or during an emergency
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