Emergency Preparedness, Response And Recovery Programmes

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1. Introduction In the wake of the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake and resulting tsunami, over 4000 scientists, government officials, NGOs and UN representatives met in Kobe, Japan to address one of the most important tests the world has to face: disaster risk reduction (DRR). The product of the conference was the 10 year Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015. Endorsed by 168 countries, the document promotes 3 main aims: the integration of DRR into viable development policies and planning, building resilience to hazards and incorporating risk reduction methodologies into the implementation of emergency preparedness, response and recovery programmes (GNDR, 2014). In order to achieve these goals, the framework states 5 priorities of action: 1)…show more content…
Nevertheless, one point that everyone agrees on is that the HFA has achieved very much in giving greater momentum to DRR worldwide. Judging by the stable growth of the number of countries reporting their progress on HFA implementation, from 27 countries in 2007, to 77 in 2009 and over 100 in 2011 (GNDR, 2014), and by the overall rise in their quality, it is easy to see the increase of interest towards achieving HFA goals. Moreover, the continuous increase in participants at conferences related to disasters can also point to a new level of popularity of DRR, thanks in no small part to the Framework. There has also been some well documented progress towards accomplishing the first priority of action, with a growing number of nations updating their existing laws based on HFA standards, including Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, Egypt, etc. (Oxfam International, 2011). Also, the number of National Platforms enacted across the world has increased from 38 in 2007 to 73 in 2011 (Oxfam International, 2011), while the number of HFA Focal Points for HFA implementation has risen from 63 to 192, indicating a clear commitment to the standards and provisions of the Hyogo Framework for Action. Nonetheless, there is yet to be seen some significant headway in harmonizing legislative frameworks in other sectors, such as water resources, agriculture, etc. with the new laws, which sometimes can lead to key difficulties in disaster risk management. The most important accomplishment of the HFA is
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