Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx And Max Weber

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Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber are considered to be three canon social theorists who laid the foundation of sociology and contributed, in detailed accounts, the fundamentals of study of society. Each theorist belongs to a different school of thought and presents separate theories on how societies work. While there are bits and parts that might seem similar in each theorist’s social theory, each theorist largely differs from each other. Durkheim, Marx and Weber, among other things, also discussed social change and the evolution of society. Each theorist has tried to explain the changing structures of societies, taking evidence from history and trying to explain the rudimentary functions of the society and how it was changing with time. For instance, Emile Durkheim talks about collective consciousness and mechanical and organic solidarity, while Marx talk about revolution and the rise of proletariats. On the other hand, Weber talked about the rise of bureaucracy and his concept of iron cage. Change is an important topic in all these theorist’s works. Emile Durkheim saw social evolution as an increase in the moral density of the society. He saw societies as becoming more interdependent and coming under a formal control under the pressure of increasing moral density. He believed that societies evolved from an undifferentiated social structures with minimum amount of division of labour, in a system, he called mechanical solidarity to a more complex and differentiated
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