Emile Durkheim Social Facts Examples

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According to Emile Durkheim, a social fact is a manner of acting, thinking and feeling engaged by individuals because and on condition that other members of the social group are also engaged in the same thing. He said that social facts exist outside human consciousness because it is external, objective and inherited. It is not in the mind of the person, it is in the environment. Social facts also have a coercive power that can have a causal influence. We often realize and be aware of the social fact if we stay away from them, resist or contradict because we are usually unaware of all the social facts. Social facts do not necessarily require social institutions or organizations for it to be recognized as a social fact because there are social facts that are not institutional facts. Social facts cannot be defined by their universality for it can only be defined in a collective aspect because it is practiced by the community, creating a collective action, making it social. Lastly, according to him, in a holistic perspective, social facts…show more content…
Searle defined brute facts as facts that exist independent of us. They are objects that are independent of human environment. Example would be mountains, rivers, pebbles, etc. Institutional facts however are facts that are greatly dependent on human environment or institutions for its existence. Example of this is the government. We constantly recognize the importance and purpose of the government because of its function. With out human institutions, the government will just be a system. Even the thought of it of being a system is highly dependent on us. Aside from the brute and institutional facts, Searle made another distinction in his article, the ‘regulative’ and the ‘constitutive’ rules. Regulative rules regulate existing activities while constitutive rules constitute a certain thing and are responsible for the creation of a certain
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