Emile Durkheim 's An Analogy Of A Functioning Organism

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Part One Question Two It was Margaret Thatcher, the former British Prime Minister who stated, “There is no such thing as society.” (margaretthatcher.org). If presented with this claim, Emile Durkheim would not have outright disagreed, but lightly disagreed with conditions. As in his view, Durkheim states that society is defined as “every aggregate of individuals who are in continuous contact,” (Durkheim), and this was formed initially by individuals being attracted enough to each other through ways of commonality that they portray, therefore, society arises from collective commonality. So in response to there being no such thing as society, he would say that society has to be created by individuals, and that they have a profound need to…show more content…
He came to this conclusion after studying the empirical data, but believed the social factors that contributed were a lack of social integration on the part of the Protestants, as their faith focuses on their individual relationship with God, creating an individualistic culture that had less social and moral ties than the Catholic faith, which was centered on community. Durkheim also emphasizes the need for social integration and community ties when he discusses egoistic suicide, which is suicide as a result of a lack of social integration (Lecture 8). Durkheim’s view that human’s are intrinsically social beings, if one chooses to accept it, gives us insight into how humanity evolves, through dual nature of co-operation and association (Durkheim).
Part Two Question One The working class, or the proletariat, as Karl Marx referred to them, is often overlooked for their role in the economy, particularly in the manufacturing of goods. When discussing this ideal, Marx refers to this notion as the fetishism of commodities. The conception that the people behind products produce the real value of it, the labor. Without such labor, these products would just be a large heap of disassembled pieces, instead of a functioning commodity (Marx, Lecture 3). Capitalists buy this labor at

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