Emile Durkheim: the Division of Labor

1152 Words5 Pages
Emile Durkheim and the Division of Labor

June 15, 2012

Emile Durkheim and the Division of Labor
Functionalism is one of the baselines in sociology and Emile Durkheim is one of the main players in defining the field of sociology as a science. He believed that every social structure existed only because it satisfied a specific social need. Additionally, it was Durkheim’s desire to delineate how sociology would be used and considered and to give it the tools of scientific methodology (Vissing, 2011). To integrate the tools of science with the theory of functionalism Durkheim examined how social structures integrated with social living. It was not until after Durkheim examined the interactions within the social structures that he came
…show more content…
Therefore, the members of a society become dependent on one another because of the individual’s ability to successfully perform and complete their individual task. However, the members of this type of society become tied to each other through a reciprocal relationship because of the specialization of the tasks assigned to each individual (Durkheim, É. & Simpson, G., 1949).
As a population of a society increases, the individuals within that society are able to maintain their social relationships amongst themselves because the concept of organic solidarity allows for the expansion of tasks within the division of labor of that society. Although the individuals of the increasing population within the society do not consciously expand those tasks in the division of labor, it is forced upon them because of that increasing population, and the speed at which those tasks expand is proportional to the rate of population increase. Thus as Durkheim postulates a civilization in not a product of the division of labor in a society it is a direct resultant of the expansion of tasks in the division of labor in relationship to the increase of the population of that society.
While Emile Durkheim postulates that the Division of Labor forms solidarity within a society the dynamic and material density of a society are positively correlated, and as population increases, survival requires a greater division of
Get Access