Emile Durkheim’s Notion of Social Solidarity

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Emile Durkheim’s Notion of Social Solidarity At the heart of Durkheim’s book of Division of Labor in Society is social solidarity. More than an increase in productive output, social solidarity is deemed to be the most notable effect of the division of labor. Over time, as roles become more distinct and appropriated according to one’s objective, the individuals in a society become more linked to one another. In fact, he tries to make sense of the division of labor as a phenomenon that contributes to social order. Throughout the book, he stresses on how the division of labor creates interdependence between and among individuals—which in turn fosters solidarity. Defining Social Solidarity Despite this, Durkheim did not give a…show more content…
The rules through its punishment created by members of society show the similarities that they share. It is believed that mechanical solidarity is primarily present in small traditional societies. In Durkheim’s examples in the Division of Labor in Society (1964), communities from the earlier centuries fall under the mechanical solidarity type whereas modern communities are organic. Durkheim (1964) gave ancient Germans as an example where all laws are penal, where the people are the ones who execute justice through punishments. He further shared that in ancient Rome, criminal incidents are also tried by the people (p. 76). Organic solidarity, on the other hand, is the type of solidarity linked to restitutive laws, which creates more specialized organs (p. 113). Unlike mechanical solidarity, which emphasizes on the collectiveness of society, the specialization of organs in organic solidarity seems to highlight more on the differences of individuals. Although this type of solidarity creates individualization, it is still based upon the interdependence of groups and individuals. As specialized as each individual or group’s function is, cooperation among them still exists as they need the other to live and grow. The function of each individual usually has relations to one another. This type of solidarity gives rise to the growth of

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