Emile Durkheim's The Division of Labour in Society

2381 WordsJul 8, 201810 Pages
Outline and discuss Durkheim’s ‘The Division of Labour in Society’ Frequently referred to as “the father of sociology”, Emile Durkheim was one of the most influential and high-ranking individuals in contemporary social thought. His work has stimulated great levels of achievement for many years amongst sociologists in terms of studying civil societies, cultural analysis and the sociology of the emotions (Emirbayer and Cohen 2003:1). Durkheim’s perspectives cover a broad range of other issues as well, from social structure to the individual and collective agency, from the state and political public sphere of economic life, and from sociological methodology to moral criticism. The implication of Durkheim’s impact to the sociology of modernity…show more content…
Smith used this term in the eighteenth century to explain what takes place in the production process in the course of manufacturing when labour is divided. Primarily, the term was used to determine the rise in productivity when production tasks are split between employees through the industrial development. Thus as soon as people divide their labour to accomplish a number of procedures and tasks, the amount they produce builds up intensely and the process of dividing labour has the tendency to speed up the rate of production. ‘Social division of labour’ by Durkheim was to explain the social connections which grow during the process that takes place in societies when several individuals enter into collaborations for purposes of carrying out joint economic and domestic tasks. Due to these circumstances, this theory is in contrast to Smith’s attention to the economic division of labour. Durkheim was certain that there were two kinds of bonds and links that occurred in the social division of labour. One of them was dependency which determined social relations between individuals who carry out economic and domestic tasks cooperatively and jointly. The other was the bonds of obligation which conduct predictions and interchanges among individuals from the same society. While the linkage of dependency often surface between those who accomplish tasks allied to the domestic and economic production, bonds of obligations among members in the same society commence
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