Emmanuel Kant and Moral Theory

1589 Words Feb 24th, 2018 6 Pages
Practical reason, the basis of Kantian metaphysics, was revolutionary because it challenged skepticism towards human moral capacities and insisted that the moral faculty is an implicit part of common human reason. Practical reason is an instrumental theory in Kant's Metaphysics of Morals and greatly contributes to the deontological, duty-based ethical theory developed in his book. However, the concerns of practical reason are only one part of the book's message, which also seeks to show the methodology by which individuals derive moral truths and the fundamental nature of these truths. Overall, Kant' s philosophical works are still extremely relevant to modern political and philosophical conflicts and his legacy survives in the essential concepts of liberalism, egalitarian ethics, social contract theory, cosmopolitan global justice, and many others. Kant is also considered the founder of the 18th century doctrine of transcendental idealism and many of his published works including The Metaphysics illustrate his efforts to reconcile rational and empirical schools of thought. These efforts are displayed in The Metaphysics in his new moral theory that aligns rationalist "self-evident truths" with empirical certainly in…

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