Emmeline Pankhurst's 'Death or Freedom': The Author's Use of the Appeals

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Introduction In basic terms, an author of an argument or a literary piece can appeal to the audience via a number of ways i.e. through appeal to pathos, ethos or logos. In this text, I analyze Emmeline Pankhurst's speech (edited version). In so doing, I consider the author's utilization of the appeals pathos, ethos and logos. Emmeline Pankhurst's Death or Freedom: The Author's Use of the Appeals According to Granger (2007), "ethos is the credibility, the knowledge, the expertise, and the stature of the speaker." In an attempt to enhance their credibility, most speakers cite or rely on the authority of either God, ethical standards or even nature. It is through the assertion of her authority as a human being (not just a woman) worthy of equal treatment that Pankhurst seeks to appeal to her audience. She equates the prevailing predicament to the American Revolution by pointing out that "Your forefathers decided that they must have representation 地nd they went on until they had won the independence of the United States of America" (Pankhurst 1913). In her quest to garner the trust of her audience, Pankhurst's appeal to ethos in this case can be said to be successful. It is also important to note that her militant language resonates well with her preferred audience. In addition to resonating well with the audience, her language in this case is also appropriate to the subject. A good example of this is when she gives a glimpse of how far women can go to fight for their

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