Emotional Intelligence And Psychological Depth

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EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING IN ADOLESCENTS The general concept of emotional intelligence (EI) is partly rooted in Thorndike’s (1920) idea of ‘social intelligence’ and Gardner’s (1983) theory of multiple intelligences (especially ‘intrapersonal’ and ‘interpersonal’ intelligence). In the current context, EI asa construct was discussed in a dissertation by Payne (1986), even though as a term it had appeared in the literature much earlier (Leuner, 1966). Salovey and Mayer (1990) put forward a theoretical model that viewed the construct as a subset of social intelligence and Goleman (1995) provided a broad and highly influential account that has nonetheless attracted concerted criticism for its unsubstantiated claims about the vital importance of EI in people’s personal, social and professional lives. The fact that the field still lacks a universally accepted operational definition has contributed significantly to the emergence of inconsistent and sometimes, contradictory findings that have often been discussed in the scientific literature (e.g. Davies, Stankov, & Roberts, 1998; Epstein, 1998; Mathews, Zeidner, & Roberts, 2002). Psychological well-being has been approached differently by different researchers and views it in different ways. One view sees it according to the hedonic and eudaimonic approaches of early philosophers. Subjective well-being was first used by Ryan and Deci (2001) as combination of pleasure, displeasure, satisfaction and
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