Emotions And Emotion Regulation Of Emotions

998 Words Jun 11th, 2015 4 Pages
Emotions & Emotion Regulation
Emotions are an integral part of the human condition. They provide an opportunity for human beings to communicate with others as well as to organize their experiences (Santrock, 2014). Emotions involve a complicated process of neurological, physiological, social and psychological processes. The brain processes emotions through the amygdala and hippocampus. As human beings age, emotions are also assessed and controlled through the prefrontal cortex (Santrock, 2014). The brain relies on past experiences in order to process messages about the proximal environment to predict outcomes and alert the individual to the presence of potentially painful/aversive or pleasurable stimuli. Based on the emotions the brain registers, the autonomic nervous system will respond with varying physiological reactions which prime the body for further action (Lang, 2014). For example, a “freeze” fear response will frequently elicit a deceleration of the heartbeat and slow breathing whereas a “fight” response will accelerate the heart beat to prepare the body to run (Lang, 2014).
Measuring Emotional Reactivity and Marital Quality
Emotions and emotional functioning can be measured through a number of different instruments including self-report, physiological responses, and facial and behavioral coding.
Self-report measures may include self-disclosure of the strongest emotion felt or ask participants to rate the strength of each of a list of emotions. Physiological…
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