Emotions, Perception, And Perception Of Emotions

1467 Words Dec 4th, 2015 6 Pages
Emotion Emotions are typically thought of as psychological states which vary in intensity that are a reaction to some external stimuli (Ortony, Clore, & Collins, 1988). The discrete view of emotions argues that there are a small number of core emotions that are innate and substantively different from one another (Roseman,1991). This view of emotion has recently been supported via a meta-analysis of studies utilizing nueroimaging, offering biological support for this view. Emotions differ on their valence and motivational outcomes. For example, fear is a negative emotion primarily elicited by threatening situations that motivate individuals to escape the threatening situation (Lazarus, 1991). While a different emotion such as anger is often elicited by threats to one’s personal goals or a demeaning offense is perceived, and motivates the removal of the threat or origin of the offense (Nabi, 2003). Lazarus (1991) offers appraisal components for several of these emotions. Two of the emotions feature an attribution of blame. Anger motivates blame against some external source, while guilt motivates self-blame. Fear or fright, on the other hand leads to an uncertainty, though not necessarily blame. Two positive emotions identified are happiness and pride. Happiness, according to Lazarus, can motivate individuals to hold positive future expectations about the source of the emotion. Pride is said to lead itself to the attribution of credit to the source of pride.…
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