Emotions, Personality And Social Psychology Studies

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Anger plays a central role in the emotions, personality and social psychology studies due to its influences on attention (Solomon, 1990; Tavris, 1989; Hansen and Hansen, 1988), cognition (Lerner et al., 2003), perception of ones surroundings (Clark, Pataki, & Carver, 1996; Tiedens, 2001), and in regulating behaviour (Harmon-Jones, Sigelman, Bohlig, & Harmon-Jones, 2003; Mackie, Devos, & Smith, 2000). Anger is a negative emotion and according to surveys it is one of the most frequently experienced emotion (Averill, 1982; Small, 2005) in ones daily life. Furthermore anger may lead to aggressive behaviors which from evolutionary perspective is an adaptive mechanism to maintain wellbeing, social dominance and resource access. However in modern human-beings the maladaptive consequences of aggression and transgression (Hirshleifer, 1987; Frank, 1988) resulting from anger is associated to many negative personal and interpersonal consequences. Given the detrimental impacts excessive anger can have on physical and social life, considerable effort has been directed towards understanding how to reduce the experience and behavioural consequences of anger. A common theoretical approach that has intuitive appeal has focused on the use of positive emotions to decrease the experience of anger. Specially, some theorists have proposed that all positive affects – such as happiness and desire – attenuate the intensity of all negative affects (Fredrickson & Cohn, 2008; Baron, 1976;
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