Employee Motivation: Role in Modern Management

556 WordsFeb 4, 20182 Pages
Employee Motivation: Role in Modern Management Modern management aims at using and manipulating mathematical models to better understand the inter-relationship between employees and the employers in all aspects (Certo & Certo, 2013). The primary goal of modern management theories is to ensure the interrelationship between these factors is maximised for the benefit of the organisation. Motivation, from a general perspective, is the intrinsic drive that leads a person to take a certain course of action. Employee motivation entails all factors which drive an employee to perform tasks related to work in a more efficient and satisfactory manner. In as much as motivation is an intrinsic force, motivation might be brought about by external factors. These factors vary from physical factors, biological factors, intellectual factors, emotional factors and social factors. There are six major employee motivation theories with respect to modern management (Psichogios, 2012). These are: • The Equity Theory • The Two Factor Theory • The Hierarchy of Needs Theory • The Three Needs Theory • The Goal Setting Theory • The Expectancy Theory The Equity Theory was advanced by John Adams. According to him, people have the tendency to compare and contrast themselves with their colleagues. They will thus compare themselves and judge whether or not they are being treated equitably. Employers who choose to adhere to this theory should treat all their employees fairly and equitably. Issues of inequity
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