Employee Motivation and Effective Job Performance Essay

1332 Words6 Pages
“It seems that the ethos of “shared sacrifice” evoked by this past generation has gone by the wayside. In place of the Greatest Generation, we are now in the midst of what might be termed the “greediest generation,” whose hallmark include an insatiable appetite for the trappings of status and wealth” (Monheit, 2010, p.272). Studies show how effective upbringing can influence the independence of an individual and the roles these characteristics play throughout adulthood (Lekes, Gingras, Phillippe, Koestner & Fang, 2009). In addition to providing structure, consistent rewards and punishments must exist to reinforce that behavior. These traits learned throughout adolescence are detrimental for managers in determining employee motivation…show more content…
“Adolescence is a critical developmental period because the life goals and behaviors that individuals adopt have long term consequences for their well-being” (Lekes, 2009, p.858) and heavily influence their ideology and interdependence. Requiring youth to adhere and behave within boundaries set by parents, sets precedence for adult behavior. The major factor in creating responsibility and structure is setting clear and concise rules, guidelines and expectations followed with constructive feedback (positive or negative) that “enhances perceptions of competence and control as opposed to feelings of helplessness” (Farkas et al., 2010, p.269) Administering positive (or negative feedback) must follow many guidelines to ensure effectiveness. Firstly, administering rewards (or punishments) must be contingent upon a behavior and reinforced at the time of transmittal to ensure the individual understands the purpose of the reward in hopes for repeated behavior. The act of administering rewards also has a large effect on the receiver as studies have shown how the facial expressions displayed during a presentation can override the reward [or punishment] being administered (Korkonda and Hunt, 1989, p.320). Ensuring the reward is suitably for the behavior is important for reinforcement of that behavior. For example, reallocating work from a bad performer to a good performer
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